~ THE ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY ~
Agelnoth, archbishop of Canterbury, refused to crown Harold king, though he had enjoyed the patronage of his father Canute. He died 1038, after being seventeen years in the see of Canterbury. Universal Biography 1810
1006-1012 AElfeah, or Elphege
1093 - 1109 Anselm, A Norman Abbot, is made Archbishop of Canterbury, but was afterwards banisht the Kingdom, for maintaining the Pope's Authority against the King's Prerogative. About this time, Malcolm King of Scotland enters England, and is kill'd by King William. A chronological history of England 1714
1093 to 1109....1114 Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, died. A chronological history of England 1714
1139 - 1161 - Arch-bishop Theobald - buried in Canterbury Cathedral
1163 - 1170 - Thomas Becket being made Archbishop of Canterbury (after having at first refus'd) now took the Oath of Allegiance to King Henry upon the Pope's Perswasion. Afterwards, having several times oppos'd the King, was at length Condemn'd as a Traytor, and Murder'd in the Church of Canterbury. - A chronological history of England 1714
1205 - 1209 Hubert Arch-Bishop of Canterbury dies, and John Gray, Bishop of Norwich, is elected by King John to the See of Canterbury. But this election is oppos'd by the Pope, who chooses another, Stephen Langton, a Cardinal, but a Native of England. King John refusing to admit him, he and his whole Kingdom is Excommunicated for two years; All Sacraments cease, but Confession, Extreme Unction, and Baptism of Children: The Dead are put into the Earth without a Priest or Prayers, and nothing done relating to religion. - A chronological history of England 1714
1231 - King Henry, and the Monks of Canterbury, chose Ralph Nevil for Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, and after him a 2d, 3d, and 4th, who were all refus'd by the Pope.. - A chronological history of England 1714
The Register-books of the Archbishops of Canterbury were antiently kept near their palace, in the priory of St. Gregory at Canterbury; but having for many years been removed from thence to Lambeth, they are now called the Lambeth Registers. Theoldest of these is the Register of Archbishop Pecham; and those of all his successors to the present time are in being, except those of the Archbishops Mepeham and Stratford (of which some few transcripts only are preserved at Lambeth, in a book called Album Registrum, taken, I believe, about the time of King Henry VI.) and those of the Archbishops Ufford, and Bradwardin, which, by some unknown accident, have been unfortunately lost. Ufford was archbishop for so short a time, only six months, that nothing can be expected; nay, by some he is omitted; for he never received either pall or consecration. Archbishop Bradwardyn was never inthronized. Letter to Mrs. Wise, 1756.
Archbishop John Pecham from 1278 to 1294
Robert Winchelsea from 1294 to 1313
In the Lambeth Library is an imperfect register-book of causes in the time of this Archbishop, in 120 folios, intitled, "Acta de tempore d'ni R. archiep'i."
Archbishop Walter Reynolds from 1313 to 1327
There are no registers extant of the three next Archbishops,
Archbishop Simon Mepeham from 1327 to 1333
Archbishop John Stratford from 1333 to 1348
Archbishop Thomas Bradwardyn from 1348 to 1349
"But I have endeavoured to supply that defect by copying per extensum, from the Registrum Album at Lambeth, and from the Chartae Antiquae in the MS library there, some antient acts and instruments, which make a sort of register of those times.
"As Archbishop Stratford's register, it was stolen from Lambeth, and carried to Ryegate, in 1402, as appears in Archbishop Arundel's register, by persons unknown, who were excommunicated for that offence.
Then follow the registers of
Archbishop Simon Islip from 1349 to 1366
Archbishop Simon Langham from 1366 to 1367
Archbishop William Wittlesey from 1367 to 1375
Archbishop Simon Sudbury from 1375 to 1381
Archbishop William Courtenay from 1381 to 1396
Archbishop Thomas Arundel, 2 vols. from 1396 to 1414
Archbishop Henry Chichele, 2 vols. from 1414 to 1443
Archbishop John Stafford from 1443 to 1452 (in a volume with John Kemp below)
Archbishop John Kemp from 1452 to 1454 (in a volume with John Strafford above)
Archbishop Thomas Bourchier from 1454 to 1486
Archbishop John Moreton from 1486 to 1501
Archbishop Henry Deane from 1500 to 1502
These last three make one volume.
'Image courtesy of antiqueprints.com'
Archbhisop William Wareham from 1504 to 1533
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer from 1533 to 1555
March 30, 1533 - Doctor Cranmer was consecreated Archbishop of Canterbury. Before he took the Oath to the Pope, he made a Protestation, that he conceiv'd himself not bound up by it in any thing that was contrary to his Duty to GOD, his King, or his Country. He was a good Canonist, and wise States Man. - A chronological history of England 1714
May 23, Archbishop Cranmer gave the final Sentence in Convocation, and declared the King's marriage with Queen Catherine, the Infanta of Spain, to be Null. And some Days after, gave another Judgment, confirming the King's Marriage with Queen Anne. - A chronological history of England 1714
The Saturday Magazine March 16, 1833 (Anniversaries) Thursday, March 21st - 1556 Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, suffered martyrdom at Oxford, under Queen Mary, in the sixty-seventh year of his age.
(Sir Edward Ringley, Knt. 24th July, 1543. My body to be buried in Our Lady Church, Sandwiche, in Jhesus Chapel, on the left-hand side the altar....... I make overseer of my will the Right Rev. Father in God Thomas* Archbishop of Canterbury, and for a remembrance of his pains I give him three gilt bolles, with a cover weighing sixty-four ounces. Witness Thomas Boys, man at arms, John Cheyne, and Bartholomew Barham, &c. Proved at Canterbury) *Thomas Cranmer
(Thomas Brooke, Esq. Thomas Brooke, alias Cobham*, of the parish of Reculver, Esq. My body to be buried in the Choir of Hothe. To my especial good Lord, the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury**, my great black horse, and my signet.......etc. The Lord Cobham, my brother. Proved at Canterbury, 17th January 1547) *Apparently brother of George Lord Cobham. **Thomas Cranmer
March 21, 1556 - Arch-Bishop Cranmer, after a long imprisonment, was brought to the Stake and Burnt. When he was under sentence of Condemnation, he had hopes given him Life and Preferment, which made him Recant. Yet notwithstanding this, Orders were given for his Execution. And at the place of Execution (which was the same where Ridley and Latimer were Burnt). He rejected the Pope's Authority, and confessed that it was the fear of Death that made him Recant. He was a very Pious, Humble and Charitable Man. Cardinal Pool was the next Day Chosen Arch-Bishop of Canterbury in his room. - A chronological history of England 1714
Archbishop Reginald Pole from 1555 to 1559
"A register during the vacancy of the see of Canterbury after the death of Cardinal Pole"
Matthew Parker (1504 - 1575) archbishop from 1559 - 1575
John Whitgift (1530 - 1604) archbishop from 1583 - 1604
Richard Bancroft (1544 - 1610) archbishop from 1604 - 1610 *confirmation December 10, 1604, death November 2, 1610
George Abbot (1562 - 1633) archbishop from 1611 - 1633 *confirmation April 9, 1611, died August 4, 1633
William Laud (1573 - 1645) archbishop from 1633 - 1645 *confirmation September 19, 1633, death January 10, 1644
January 10th, 1645. At the age of seventy-one, William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury was beheaded on Tower hill, four years before Charles I. met the same fate at Whitehall. The circumstances which lead to the archbishop's death are related by the writers of our national history, upon the authority of impartial annalists, and collectors of facts relating to the troublesome times in which he lived and died. Hume sums up his character impartially, and adds, "It is to be regretted that a man of such spirit, who conducted his enterprises with so much warmth and industry, had not entertained more enlarged views, and embraced principles more favorable to the general happiness of society." He acquired, says Hume, so great an ascendatnt over Charles as to head him, by the facilty of his temper into a conduct which proved fatal to that prince and his kingdom." The Year Book of Daily Recreation and Information
*which date is correct?
William Juxon (1582 - 1663) archbishop from 1660 - 1663 *confirmation September 20, 1660, death June 4, 1663
Gilbert Sheldon (1598 - 1677) archbishop from 1663-1677 *confirmation August 31, 1663, death November 9, 1677
William Sancroft (1617 - 1693) archbishop from 1678 - 1690 *death November 24, 1693
**Archbishop Sandcroft was consecrated to the see of Canterbury, January 27, 1678. He was suspended for refusing to take the oaths to William and Mary, August 1, 1689, and deprived February 1, 1690. He continued however, his residence at Lambeth, and in the same style as before, until the August following, when several of his attendants were dismissed, for the scale of expenditure was lowered. He appears to have received all the revenues of the see until the succeeding Michaelmas. On May 20, 1691, he received an order from the queen to quit the palace in ten days; but not obeying, the process of legal ejectment was begun in the beginning of June; and this being completed on the twenty-third of that month, he privately left Lambeth on the evening of the same day. D'Oylly's Sancroft, 277.
1688, June 8th - The Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, and six Bishops more, committed to the Tower for petitioning the King not to read the Declaration of Toleration in Churches. - A chronological history of England 1714
A view of the Tower of London from an old Magic Lantern Slide in my collection
1688, June 15th - The Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, Bishops of St. Alaph, Ely, Chichester, Bath and Wells, Peterborough, and Bristol, were brought to the King's-Bench-Bar, from the Tower, (where they were sent the 8th) and Arraigned, Tried and Acquitted the 29th Instant. - A chronological history of England 1714
John Tillotson (1630 - 1694) archbishop from 1691 - 1694 *confirmation May 28, 1691, death November 22, 1694
1691 - Dr. Tillotson, Dean of St. Paul's, is promoted to the Arch-Bishoprick of Canterbury. - A chronological history of England 1714
1694 - Nov. 22, Dr. Tillotson Arch-Bishop of Canterbury died. - A chronological history of England 1714
Thomas Tenison (1636 -1715) archbishop from 1695 - 1715 *confirmation January 16, 1695, death December 14, 1715
1694 Dec. 8, His Majesty nominated Dr. Thomas Tennison (Lord Bishop of Lincoln) to be Lord Arch-Bishop of Canterbury. - A chronological history of England 1714
William Wake (1657 - 1737) archbishop from 1716 - 1737 *confirmation January 16, 1716, death January 24, 1737
John Potter (1674 to 1747) archbishop from 1737 - 1747 *confirmation February 28, 1737, death October 10, 1747
Thomas Herring (1693 - 1757) archbishop from 1747 - 1757 *confirmation November 24, 1747, death March 13, 1757
Matthew Hutton (1693 - 1758) archbishop from 1757 - 1758 *confirmation April 29, 1757, death March 19, 1758
Thomas Secker (1693 - 1768) archbishop from 1758 - 1768 *confirmation April 21, 1758, death August 3, 1758
Frederick Cornwallis (1713 - 1783) archbishop from 1768 - 1783 *confirmation September 30, 1768, death March 19, 1783
John Moore (1730 - 1805) archbishop from 1783 - 1805) *confirmation April 26, 1783, death January 18, 1805
Charles Manners-Sutton** (1755 - 1828) archbishop from 1805 - 1828 *confirmation February 21, 1805, death July 21, 1828 **of the Rutland family, Sutton being an additional surname assumed by his father
William Howley (1766 - 1848) archbishop from 1828 to 1848 *confirmation August 15, 1828
John Bird Sumner - A photograph in my collection (c. 1854-1865)
John Bird Sumner (1780-1862) was archbishop from 1848 - 1862 (born 1780 Kenilworth, Warwickshire)
*from the Annual Register 1848... Ecclesiastical Preferments. Right Rev. Dr. John Bird Summer (Bishop of Chester) to be Archbishop of Canterbury.
Charles Thomas Longley (1794 - 1868) was archbishop from 1862 to 1868
Possibly Charles Thomas Longley ( a photo in my collection ) Stereoscopic Company 1864-1908?
Archibald Campbell Tait (1811 - 1882), was archbishop from 1868 - 1882
Archibald Campbell Tait - Photographs from my collection
Edward White Benson (1829 - 1896) was archbishop from 1882 to 1896 *buried at the Cathedral
Frederick Temple (1821 - 1902) was archbishop from 1896 -1902 *buried at the Cathedral
Frederick William Temple and Beatrice Temple (nee Blanche) his wife (married 1876), she died in 1915, she was the daughter of a younger son of the Earl of Harewood and the daughter of the Earl of Carlisle.
Randall Thomas Davidson (1848 - 1930) archbishop from 1903 - 1928 *buried at the Cathedral
Cosmo Gordon Lang (1864 - 1945) archbishop from 1928 - 1942 *buried at the Cathedral
William Temple - archbishop from 1942 - 1944
Geoffrey Francis Fisher - archbishop from 1945 - 1961 *died 1972
Arthur Michael Ramsey - archbishop from 1961 - 1974 *died 1988
Frederick Donald Coggan - archbishop from 1974 - 1980 *died 2000
George Leonard Carey - archbishop from 1991 - 2002
Rowan Douglas Williams - archbishop from 2002
© T. Machado 2007