The Buffs, an old photograph in my collection c. 1890's early 1900's, uniform type mixed

The Gentleman sitting in the front row - 6th from the right is Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines of The Buffs (Commander 1882 - 1909 Gen. Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines, GCB)



1863 - Stationed - 1st Batt. the Tower, 2nd Batt. Gibraltar

1867 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Bengal, 2nd Batt. Belfast

1873 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Seetapoor, Bengal, 2nd Batt. Dover

1876 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Malayan Peninsula, 2nd Batt. Mullingar

1880 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Shorncliffe, 2nd Batt. En route to Straits Settlement


1882 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Dublin, 2nd Batt. Hong Kong

1884 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Dublin, 2nd Batt. Hong Kong

1886 - Stationed - 1st Batt. Straits Settlements, 2nd Batt. Egypt

1871 at 17 Military Knights, Berkshire with his father Joseph Robert Raines (78), Military Knight late Colonel 95th Regiment and mother Harriett. Julius is a Colonel in the 95th Regiment (active) age 44, he is married, but his wife is not with him (born St. Pancras, Middlesex). In 1851 at age 25, he was unmarried and a Lieutenant in the 95th Regiment at the Anglesey Barracks, Portsea Town, Portsea, Hampshire. Born March 9 1827, died April 11, 1909 in Paddington, London at age 82. 1901 living at 46 Sussex Gardens in Paddington, London with his wife Lady Catherine Raines (65, born Cork, Ireland), employing 4 servants. Sir Julius Raines H.L.B., Retired General Inp. (Retired Army Officer). Married November 15, 1859 in Killetra, Mallow, Cork, Ireland to Catherine Elizabeth Wrixon (his cousin?)..Book written by him "The 95th (The Derbyshire) Regiment in Central India" with an introduction by Colonel H.D. Hutchinson. (Naval and Military Press Ltd.)

95th (The Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot Lt. Colonels - Julius Aug. Robert Raines, CB. Ens. 28 Jan 42, Lt. 5 April 44, Capt. 13 Apr 52, Brev. Maj. 24 April 55; Major, 1 May 57; Lt. Co. 17 No. 57; Col. 20 July 58 - Hart's Annual

Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines, K.C.B., Colonel of "The Buffs"

This distinguished officer obtained his first commission in the 3rd Buffs, at the early age of sixteen, on the 28th January 1842, but was transferred to the 95th Derbyshire Regiment in order to serve with his father, the late Colonel J. R. Raines, Chevalier of the Order of St. Louis - a veteran officer who, as an ensign in the 82nd, fought at Rolica, Vimiero, and Coruna.

General Raines served throughout the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the affair at Bulganak, the battle of Alma (where he carried the Queen's Color as Captain), the flank march by Mackenzie's Farm, the battles of Inkerman and Tehernaya, and repulse of the sortie of the 26th October 1854; served as an Assistant Royal Engineer throughout the siege and fall of Sebastopol (severely wounded in the Trenches during the bombardment of the 17th October), and present in the Trenches at the attack of the Redan on the 18th June (Medal with three Clasps, mentioned in despatches as "having served with zeal and distinction from the opening of the campaign, Brevet of Major, Sardinian and Turkish Medals, and 5th Class of Medjidie). Served throughout the Indian mutiny campaign in 1857-59, commanded the troops at the assault and capture of Rowa on 6th January 1858 (received the high commendation of the Governor and the Commander in Chief of Bombay in Council for "gallantry displayed and ably conducting these operations"); commanded the Left Wing 95th Regiment at the siege and capture of Awah on 24th January; commanded the 95th at the siege and capture of Kotah, and commanded the 3rd assaulting Column on 30th March; was present at the capture of Chundaree 26th May; commanded the Infantry of Brigadier Smith's Column at the battle of Kota ke Serai; before Gwalior on the 17th June (specially mentioned in despatches by Sir Hugh Rose for "good service and assisting to take and hold the position of Kata-ka-Seria"); and in the general action, storm and capture of the city and fortress of Gwalior on 19th June (wounded by a musket-ball in the left arm, specially mentioned by Sir Hugh Rose for "gallantry and taking by assault two 18 pounders" and for "good service in turning the guns captured on the enemy"); present at the siege and capture of Pouree on 24th August 1858; and the surprise and defeat of the rebels at Koondrye on the 19th January 1859, (in addition to the above he has four times mentioned in despatches, and marched 3,000 miles in command of the 95th Regiment in Central India, Medal with Clasp, Colonel, and CB. for distinguished service in the field). As Brigadier General commanded the expedition from Aden into the interior of Arabia in 1865-66, when the troops captured and destroyed many towns and forts, including Ussala, the Fudthelis capital, and seven cannon (received the commendation of the Commander in Chief of Bombay for the efficient manner in which those successful operations were effected). Harts Annual Army List

At the last reference your correspondent ..... asks a question which, with what records there are at hand, is difficult to give a direct answer to except through what may be gathered from the historical records of the regiment. I think, however, but turning to the end of that volume, "A Statement of the Military Services of the Officers by whom the Third Regiment of Foot, or the Buffs, was commanded previous to its being placed on the English Establishment in 1665," a sufficient answer will be found as to its undoubted connexion with the Holland Regiment. Not wishing to trespass on your space too much, I will merely give a list of the names of the successive commanders, commencing with,

1. Thomas Morgan

2. Sir John Norris, Knight

3. Robert Earl of Leicester

4. Peregrine, Lord Willoughby

5. Sir Francis Vere, Knight

6. Horace, Lord Vere, Baron of Tilbury

7. Sir John Ogle, Knight

8. Sir Charles Morgan, Knight

9. Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Oxford

10. John Cromwell (a near relation of Oliver the Protector) he, disapproving of the latter's conduct obtained permission from Charles II. to change his surname to that of Williams.

Shortly after this, in 1665 the regiment was recalled to England, and became the 3rd Regiment of Foot on the English Establishment, from which time to the present the list of the commanding officers is complete, being,

1. Robert Sidney, third son of Robert, Earl of Leicester *appointed Colonel, May 31, 1665

2. Sir Walter Vane

3. John, Earl of Mulgrave, K.G.

4. Phililp, Earl of Chesterfield

5. John, Earl of Mulgrave, K.G. re-appointed

6. Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe

7. Charles Churchill (brother to the celebrated John Duke of Marlborough)

8. John, Duke of Argyle, K.G. and K.T

9. John Selwyn

10. Archibald, Earl of Forfar

11. Charles Wills

12. Thomas, Earl of Londonderry

13. William Tatton

14. Thomas Howard

15. George Howard (son of the latter Thomas)

16. John Craufurd

17. Ralph Burton

18. Sir Jeffery Amherst, K.B.

19. William Style

20. Thomas Hall

21. Charles Leigh

22. Sir Henry Clinton, G.C.B. and G.C.H.

23. Sir George Don, G.C.B. and G.C.H.

24. Kenneth Alexander, Lord Howard of Effingham, K.C.B., appointed Jan. 30, 1832, and this is the last given by Cannon.

What ..... means by stating that "there is no proof that "The Buffs" are descended from the band raised in the City, and there is no evidence that they ever claimed such a descent till the recent date of 1846," I am at a loss to understand. The Historical Records, read carefully, prove to my mind very sufficiently that they certainly were coincident with the Holland Regiment, and that they were raised from the City trained bands. The other question, as to the right of marching through London with colours flying, &c., is not quite so clear, but there must have been some tradition, and the first time it appears to have been claimed it was at once granted.

The powers that be, with, I suppose, Sir Garnet Wolseley for their adviser, appear to be determined to do away with all traditions of our ancient army and with them no doubt all esprit de corps will also vanish.

And Old Officer of "The Buffs"

Commander of the Buffs from 1870 to 1874 Lt.-General The Hon. Sir. James Lindsay, KCMG

Commander of the Buffs from 1874 - 1882 Gen. William Craig Emilius Napier

Commander of the Buffs from 1882 -1909 Gen. Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines, GCB



The decease of Lieut.-General William Style having occurred in March, 1786, King George III. conferred the coloneley of the Buffs, or East Kent regiment, on Lieut.-General Thomas Hall, by commission dated the 18th of April, 1786.

Historical Records of the British Army



Married 1807, Captain Edward Sanderson of the Buffs to Miss Harriet Hales, third daughter of the late Sir John Hales, bart. The Monthly Magazine 1807



"Orange Lodges" Canterbury, 25 January 1833

Dear Sir & Brother, Agreeable to your request I have forwarded a list of members of 269 Lodge of the First or Royal Dragoons.

1. Thomas SHIELDS, Master

2. James VINE, Deputy-Master

3. Sergeant William BURTON

4. Trumpeter Stephen STOKES

5. Private Thomas WARD

6. Sergeant Robert McDOUL

7. Private Benjamin SHARMAN

8. Sergeant John ROBERTSON

9. Private Joseph CROKER

10. Private Peter OSBORN

11. Trumpeter-major CHARLES CAREY

12. Private JOHN McCUNN

13. Private James NEW

14. Private William ROLLS

15. Private William FORSTER

16. Private John BILKEY

17. Private Paul PAULEY

18. Private George BRUMLEY

19. Troop Sergeant major John WILLIAMS

20. Private William ROYSTON

21. Private William COLLINS

22. Private Robert LAMBERT

23. Corporal Robert BOID

24. Sergeant William COTTRELL



"Commissions signed by the Lord Lieutenant of the County of Kent"

East Kent Regiment of Militia

Captain John Thomas Eustace, late 3rd Buffs and 60th Rifles to be Captain, vice Braidley, removed from the strength of the Regiment. Dated 11th January 1858.

Ensign Robert George Wynne Wrench to be Lieutenant, vice Bridges, removed from the strength of the Regiment. Dated 11th January, 1858.

Bulletins and other state intelligence 1860



Marriage, April 1862, at the Cathedral, Killaloe, Augustus Vivian Lieut. 3rd (the Buffs) Reg., younger son of the late Rev. Charles Paisly Vivian, of Hatton-hall, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, to Ethel, eldest daughter of George Charles Julius jun., esq., of Derry Castle, co. Tipperary.

Gentlemen's Magazine 1862



Obituary - July 18th, at Canterbury, aged 29, Captain H. O. Munn, 7th Royal Fusiliers.

Birth - August 4th, at Canterbury, the wife of Captain Castle, East Kent Militia, a son.

Marriage - August 24th - at Queenstown, Albert Neame, esq., Captain H.M.'s 16th Regiment, fifth son of George Neame, esq. of Harbledown, Canterbury, to Georgina Elizabeth, second daughter of the Rev. John Jackson, Rector of Tallow, co. Waterford.

The Gentlemen's Magazine 1864


Lance Corporal James Smith V.C. with his Section at Bilot, North West Frontier, September 16, 1897. (Mohmand Campaign, India, North-West Frontier, India) He won a Victoria Cross for his actions in this campaign (Bilot, Mamund Valley). The medal is displayed in the Buffs Regimental Museum in Canterbury.

*a photo of James Smith on this wonderful site www.northeastmedals.co.uk


Motto "Veteri Frondescit Honore"....."With its Ancient Honour it is Evergreen"

© T. Machado 2007